The Biotechnology Laboratory officially opens
In 1987, UBC made a bold investment by establishing Canada's first interdisciplinary biotechnology unit. Dr. Michael Smith was named the founding Director of the Biotechnology Laboratory where he recruited some of the brightest minds. This unit quickly became a resource for the entire university, encouraging biotechnology advancements across the campus and in the wider scientific community.
Prominent scientists and engineers appointed to the Biotechnology Laboratory
With the Biotechnology Laboratory officially open, Dr. Michael Smith made it his first priority to recruit some of the finest up-and-coming scientists and engineers to UBC. The first professional appointments to the Biotechnology Laboratory included Drs. Brett Finlay, Wilfred Jefferies, Jim Kronstad, James Piret, Terry Snutch, Robin Turner, John Carlson, and Louise Glass. Academic appointments span across five faculties including Science, Medicine, Applied Science, Forestry, and Land and Food Systems, emphasizing a cross-disciplinary approach to the full range of exciting biotechnology issues.
Pictured (L-R): Brett Finlay, Wilfred Jefferies, Jim Kronstad, James Piret, Terry Snutch, Robin Turner, John Carlson, and Louise Glass.
Dr. Charles Haynes recruited to the Biotechnology Laboratory
Dr. Charles Haynes, a chemical engineer, was recruited to the Biotechnology Laboratory in 1993. The central objective of Dr. Haynes’ research program is to improve the understanding of the interfacial behavior of biomolecules and cellular systems and to use this fundamental knowledge to invent new technologies and instruments.
Dr. Michael Smith awarded Nobel Prize in Chemistry
In 1993, Dr. Michael Smith received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his research on site-directed mutagenesis, a technique where a specific DNA sequence could be altered in a targeted manner. Smith shared the Prize with Dr. Kary Mullis for his invention of the PCR method. Smith's research opened the door to entirely new fields such as genetic engineering and synthetic biology.
SonoSep Technologies Inc develops cell separation device
SonoSep Technologies Inc., a spin-out company from Dr. James Piret's lab and collaborators, developed a new cell separation device. Particulate material suspended in a fluid could be separated and recycled using the device's ultrasonic resonance wave. This research was outlined in Nature Biotechnology.
The Biotechnology Laboratory appoints Dr. Doug Kilburn as the new Director
The Biotechnology Laboratory appoints Dr. Doug Kilburn as the new Director. He played an integral role in developing the associate member program and built key relationships with the genome sciences centre. Well-recognized and highly-reputable, Dr. Kilburn succeeded Dr. Michael Smith as the Director of the Biotechnology Laboratory.
Dr. Phil Hieter joins the Biotechnology Laboratory
In 1997, Dr. Phil Hieter joins the Biotechnology Laboratory. The Hieter lab develops and applies genetic and biochemical methodologies in the model organism, Saccharomyces cerevisiae (bakers yeast), to better understand the molecular components required for chromosome transmission. The overarching goal of the Hieter lab is to relate the work with yeast to human cancer.
First fiber-optic-linked probes for UV Resonance Raman spectroscopy
Researchers from the Biotechnology Laboratory have developed the first high-performance fiber-optic probes suitable for long-term use in pulsed ultraviolet resonance Raman spectroscopy applications in the deep- UV (DUV, 205-250 nm). The results were published in a paper in Applied Optics. Faculty members, Drs. Robin Turner and Charles Haynes, were involved in this project.
Pictured (L-R): Robin Turner and Charles Haynes
Dr. David Ng joins the Biotechnology Laboratory
The Biotechnology Laboratory welcomes Dr. David Ng as the Director of the Advanced Molecular Biology Laboratory (outreach and science education component). Dr. Ng is a geneticist, science educator, science literacy academic, and faculty member. His current research interests involve concepts of science and creativity, as well as game-based learning of science concepts.
Funding secured for a joint project between the Biotechnology Laboratory and BC Cancer Agency called the Centre for Integrated Genomics
The Centre for Integrated Genomics (CIG) is a joint project by UBC and the B.C. Cancer Agency that links gene studies, biotechnology, and cancer research. The project received $9.35 million from the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) for the construction of a new biotechnology research building at UBC. Components of the CIG included the Genome Sequence Centre (previously directed by Nobel laureate Michael Smith), the B.C. Cancer Research Centre (previously led by Victor Ling) and the UBC Biotechnology Laboratory (previously directed by Doug Kilburn). The centre was unique in North America in that it will combine state-of-the-art gene research technology with the clinical practice of a comprehensive-service cancer organization.
Pictured (L-R): Doug Kilburn, Marco Marra, Michael Smith, and Victor Ling
Dr. Jorg Bohlmann joins the Biotechnology Laboratory
In 2000, Dr. Jörg Bohlmann joins the Biotechnology Laboratory. Dr. Bohlmann's research involves the molecular biochemistry and biology of plant secondary metabolites, genomics of conifers, grapevines, and various medicinal plants, and plant defense against insects.
Dr. Wilfred Jefferies unveils role of transporters associated with antigen processing (TAP) as an immune surveillance for cancer
In a research paper published in Nature Biotechnology, Dr. Wilfred Jefferies discovers a major class of tumors that lack expression of the transporters associated with antigen processing (TAP). Dr. Jefferies suggests that TAP should be considered for inclusion in cancer therapies as it is likely to provide a general method for increasing immune responses against tumors regardless of the antigenic complement of the tumor or the MHC haplotypes of the host.
Dr. Phil Hieter becomes Director of the Michael Smith Laboratories
In January 2001, Dr. Phil Hieter was appointed as the new Director of the Michael Smith Laboratories. He played a key role in the construction of the new building. Dr. Hieter succeeded Dr. Kilburn as the Director of the Biotechnology Laboratory.
Dr. Charles Haynes contributes to the Human Genome Project
Dr. Charles Haynes and collaborators have developed and patented a method for improved DNA sequencing. The technology removes a former bottleneck in high‐throughput DNA sequencing and has enabled major projects such as the Human Genome Sequencing program to be completed faster and cheaper than originally planned.
“Elements of Precaution: Recommendations for the Regulation of Food Biotechnology in Canada” report released
In 2001, a Royal Society of Canada expert panel, chaired by Drs. Brian Ellis and Conrad Brunk, published Elements of Precaution: Recommendations for the Regulation of Food Biotechnology in Canada. This report was prepared by the Royal Society of Canada at the request of Health Canada Canadian Food Inspection Agency and Environment Canada.
Dr. Xin Li joins the Biotechnology Laboratory
The Biotechnology Laboratory welcomes Dr. Xin Li, an expert in plant immunity. Dr. Li's lab uses a combination of molecular genetics, biochemical, and genomics to understand the natural resistance mechanisms of plants against microbial pathogens including fungi, bacteria, and viruses.
Drs. Terry Snutch and Brett Finlay elected as Fellows into the Royal Society of Canada
In 2001, Drs. Terry Snutch and Brett Finlay were elected as Fellows into the Royal Society of Canada. The Royal Society of Canada is the recognized pre-eminent body of independent scholars, researchers and creative people in Canada whose Fellows comprise a collegium that can provide intellectual leadership for the betterment of Canada and the world.
Dr. Wilfred Jefferies discovers iron transport as a potential readout for Alzheimer’s detection
Dr. Wilfred Jefferies and collaborators discovered that the iron transport protein, P97, acts as a molecular marker for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Previous research by Dr. Jefferies showed that iron levels were elevated in the brains of AD patients. Furthering this research, Dr. Jefferies and his collaboratories found that P97 was increased in the serum but not in various control groups, making it a potentially powerful biomarker for AD. This potential biomarker would allow for non-invasive medical testing for AD. This research was published in Frontiers in Bioscience.
Spin-out founded based on research about innate defence regulator (IDR) peptides
A spin-out from the labs of Drs. Brett Finlay and Robert Hancock, called Inimex Pharmaceuticals, focused on fighting superbugs with Innate Defense Regulators (IDRs). IDRs are drugs that selectively modulate the body's innate defenses without causing inflammation. Inimex Pharmaceuticals raised more than $28 million.
The Michael Smith Laboratories building opens!
In 2004, the Biotechnology Laboratory was renamed the Michael Smith Laboratories in honour of the founding Director, Dr. Michael Smith, and the new building was officially open. Equipped with state-of-the-art research facilities, the Michael Smith Laboratories is now home to a team of researchers from a number of faculties including Science, Medicine, Applied Science, Forestry, and Land and Food Systems.
Dr. Terry Snutch announced as a Tier 1 Canadian Research Chair
In 2005, it was announced that Dr. Terry Snutch was awarded the CIHR Tier 1, Canada Research Chair in Biotechnology and Genomics - Neurobiology. Dr. Snutch's research demonstrates how various types of calcium channels are regulated by enzymes and by intracellular molecules called G-proteins. His studies hope to show how painkiller molecules (both natural opioids and synthetic painkillers such as morphine) work. Ultimately, his research will provide invaluable information to help other scientists design new calcium channel therapies for conditions including stroke, migraine, and epilepsy.
Microbiologist inducted into the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences
In April 2005, Dr. Brett Finlay was elected as a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences (CAHS), a national scientific organization founded by the Canadian Academy of Engineering, the Canadian Institute of Academic Medicine, and the Royal Society of Canada. The mission of CAHS is to provide a source of credible independent expert assessments on the sciences underlying pressing issues and matters of public interest and to provide a national and international scientific voice for Canada. Dr. Finlay was officially inducted in September 2005.
The Terry Project is born
The brainchild of Dr. Dave Ng, the Terry Project is a cross-faculty program designed to educate undergraduate students on pressing global issues like climate change, poverty, conflict, and disease. Recognizing that these problems demand a rich multi-dimensional understanding, the Terry Project's chief aim is to create forums that promote interdisciplinary dialogue between students of the humanities and students of the life sciences. By hosting a prominent speakers series, organizing a TEDx student conference, offering an interdisciplinary academic course, and fostering a vibrant online community, the Terry Project looks to inspire students across disciplines to come together to discuss issues of global import.
Bioinformatics program established
The Bioinformatics Graduate Program was established in 2006, offering M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees to students doing research in the field of bioinformatics. This interdisciplinary graduate program, administered by the Faculty of Science at the University of British Columbia and Simon Fraser University, combines training in both biological and computational methodologies. The program integrates academic centres in computer science, statistics, molecular biology, and biotechnology, with translational research groups at hospitals and at the clinical interface. Members of the Genome Science & Technology Graduate program (GSAT), the Department of Statistics, the Bioinformatics, Empirical & Theoretical Algorithms Laboratory in Computer Science, the Genome Sciences Centre at the BC Cancer Agency (GSC), and the Michael Smith Laboratories have been instrumental in developing the current program. The program also integrates other departments at UBC in the faculties of Medicine, Science, Forestry, and Land and Food Systems that broadly support bioinformatics research in the life sciences.
Neuromed signs the largest agreement in Canadian biotech history
Neuromed Pharmaceuticals, a spin-out company led by Dr. Terry Snutch, signs the largest agreement in Canadian biotech history (potentially worth $500 million) with Merck & Co. for painkiller MK-6721. Dr. Snutch was the first scientist in the world to describe the molecular basis for calcium channels in the cardiovascular, endocrine, and nervous systems.
Dr. Brett Finlay appointed as Officer of the Order of Canada
Dr. Brett Finlay was appointed Officer of the Order of Canada in 2006. The Order of Canada recognizes “a lifetime of outstanding achievement and merit of a high degree, especially in service to Canada or to humanity at large.” Dr. Finlay is highly respected for his body of work on the E. coli and Salmonella bacteria as well as the SARS virus. He has succeeded in developing practical solutions and productive partnerships to respond to public health threats. His innovative research, paired with his remarkable analytical and communication skills, has played a significant role in shaping Canada's evolving health policy.
First tree genome decoded
Michael Smith Laboratories researchers, Drs. Jörg Bohlmann and Brian Ellis, are involved in decoding the first tree genome of the black cottonwood or Populus trichocarpa tree. The sequencing effort identified more than 45,000 putative protein-coding genes in the Populus genome. This groundwork may lead to the development of trees as an ideal “feedstock” for a new generation of biofuels such as cellulosic ethanol. The research was published in Science.
Dr. Joanne Fox joins the Michael Smith Laboratories
Dr. Joanne Fox completed her PhD in Genetics from UBC, and was then appointed Head of support and training at the UBC Bioinformatics Centre. She joined the Michael Smith Laboratories in 2007 as an Instructor where she was promoted through the ranks to Professor of Teaching. Dr. Fox is a science educator and outreach academic. She is involved in innovative teaching and learning initiatives and educational leadership activities, with specific areas of expertise in the first year experience, international education, program evaluation, and scientific communication.
Dr. Brett Finlay awarded Order of British Columbia
Dr. Brett Finlay awarded Order of British Columbia. The Order represents the highest form of recognition the Province can extend to its citizens in recognition of excellence in an endeavour benefiting the people of the Province or elsewhere.
Dr. Charles Haynes elected as a Fellow into the Royal Society of Canada
Dr. Charles Haynes was elected as a Fellow into the Royal Society of Canada in 2007. Dr. Charles Haynes is an internationally recognized authority on downstream processing of biologic therapeutics at manufacturing scales.
Centre for High-Throughput Biology (CHiBi) founded
A merger between the bioinformatics cluster and the proteomics cluster at UBC, created the Centre for High-Throughput Biology (CHiBi). This project was worked on for over five years by Phil Hieter, Brian Ellis, George Mackie, and Stephen Withers. CHiBi was an autonomous interdisciplinary research and graduate teaching unit with a focus on the application and development of high-throughput methods for the analysis of biological systems. In 2008, Dr. Stephen Withers was appointed as the Director of CHiBi. Later in 2015, CHiBi merged with the Michael Smith Laboratories (formerly known as the Biotechnology Laboratory).
Dr. James Kronstad appointed Director of the Michael Smith Laboratories
In 2008, Dr. James Kronstad was appointed to Director of the Michael Smith Laboratories. Dr. Kronstad helped double the size of the faculty by facilitating the merger of the Centre for High-throughput Biology (CHiBi) with the Michael Smith Laboratories. He also played a key role in recruiting high-profile researchers to the Michael Smith Laboratories.
First E. coli vaccine for cattle developed
Research by Dr. Brett Finlay has helped develop Econiche - the world’s first vaccine designed to reduce cattle shedding of a particularly dangerous strain of E. coli. Econiche was developed by the Canadian biopharmaceutical company Bioniche in partnership with UBC, the Alberta Research Council (ARC), and the University of Saskatchewan. Most strains of E. coli are harmless, but some can cause severe illness and even be fatal when ingested by humans from contaminated meat, vegetables or water. The vaccination of cattle can help reduce the risk of food and water contamination by a strain that is dangerous to humans: Escherichia coli O157:H7.
Dr. Charles Haynes announced as a Tier 1 Canadian Research Chair
In 2009, Dr. Charles Haynes was announced as a Tier 1 Canadian Research Chair in Interfacial Biotechnology. As the holder of the Canada Research Chair in Interfacial Biotechnology, Dr. Haynes will explore the molecular basis of such interactions. He will then apply this fundamental knowledge to the design of natural or synthetic surfaces that will make it possible to analyze complex biosystems at the molecular level.
Game on! Open-access Phylo trading card game developed
Initiated by Dr. Dave Ng, the Phylo trading card game started as an exercise in crowdsourcing, open access, and open game development to create a trading card game. This project has grown to broach elements of game-based science education, ecological literacy, and hackathon mechanics within the teaching community. Given its flexible and open workflow, Phylo has benefited from the input of many communities of expertise, and many collaborations (both formal and spontaneous) leading to a continually expanding resource that is under constant reiteration.
Genomics research advances with funding for graduate program, GSAT
On July 30, 2010, the BC Ministry of Advanced Education granted approval to the new Genome Science + Technology graduate program at UBC. This unique multidisciplinary program, offered through the College for Interdisciplinary Studies, allows graduate students to receive a more focused M.Sc. or Ph.D. in the fields of genomics, proteomics and technology development. The design of the program is student-centered, with a focus on structured courses and research rotations in the first year.
Dr. Thibault Mayor wins CIHR New Investigator Award
Dr. Thibault Mayor wins a Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) New Investigator Award. This award is considered to be one of the most prestigious awards in Canada. It supports researchers in the early stages of their career who have shown promise as independent investigators by providing assistance for them in establishing their program of research. Dr. Mayor's research aims to better understand how unwanted and aberrant proteins are eliminated from the cell.
The Michael Smith Laboratories gain three new researchers
The focus of Dr. Brumer's research is to understand the way in which particular enzymes act to alter the structure of polysaccharides found in biomass (especially plant cell walls and wood fibers) and to harness these enzymes for application.
Dr. Kastrup brings outstanding expertise in the analysis of the blood clotting network and chemical engineering techniques for the exploitation of clotting for biomaterials production. His recent work focuses on the development of vascular paints for repairing weakened or damaged blood vessels.
Dr. Tokuriki’s research expertise lies in the targeted evolution of enzymes and how they engineer new functions. Dr. Tokuriki’s ability to manipulate protein structure and function is a key aspect for engineering new proteins, metabolic pathways, and organisms.
Pictured (L-R): Harry Brumer, Christian Kastrup, and Nobuhiko Tokuriki.
Dr. Thibault Mayor wins MSFHR Career Investigator Award
In 2012, Dr. Thibault Mayor was awarded a Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research (MSFHR) Career Investigator Award for his research on the characterization of the formation of protein aggregates induced by the inhibition of the ubiquitin proteasome system. Dr. Mayor’s research aims to lead to a better understanding of the aggregation mechanism and identify novel targetable pathways to prevent formation or favor clearance of protein aggregates.
AbCellera Biologics, a spin out from technology developed at the Michael Smith Laboratories, created
AbCellera Biologics Inc., a spin-out company from the Michael Smith Laboratories, is leading the industry in next-generation antibody therapies using new and innovative technology developed at UBC. Led by Dr. Carl Hansen, AbCellera is becoming one of the fastest-growing biotech companies in BC.
Mountain pine beetle genome decoded
The genome of the mountain pine beetle – the insect that has devastated B.C.’s lodgepole pine forests – has been decoded by researchers from Dr. Jörg Bohlmann's lab and Canada’s Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre. This is a first for the mountain pine beetle and only the second beetle genome ever sequenced. This research was published in Genome Biology.
The genome of Canada’s most important forest tree – the Spruce tree – decoded
Four microbial species identified as inhibitors for asthma
New research by Dr. Brett Finlay and collaborators find that infants can be protected from getting asthma if they acquire four types of gut bacteria by three months of age. More than 300 families from across Canada participated in this research through the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) Study. The discovery of the four microbial species that inhibits asthma opens the door to developing probiotic treatments for infants that can prevent asthma. The study was published in Science Translational Medicine.
Process Analytical Technologies (PATs) for therapeutic cell manufacturing based on Raman spectroscopy developed
Dr. Robin Turner and collaborators developed Process Analytical Technologies (PAT) based on Raman spectroscopy. Raman spectroscopy has many practical attributes that make it a promising PAT, such as its ability to be used nondestructively on live cells and is receptive to automated operation.
Microbiome Insights, a UBC spin-out co-founded by Dr. Brett Finlay
Co-founded by Drs. Brett Finlay and Bill Mohn, Microbiome Insights was a company created from an influx of demands for microbiome research. While working on their own research at UBC, Drs. Finlay and Mohn were inundated with so many testing requests that they barely had time to complete their own projects. They contacted Malcolm Kendal, with whom they had worked previously, and created Microbiome Insights shortly after.
The first animal model for childhood malnutrition developed
Dr. Brett Finlay and collaborators have developed the first animal model for childhood malnutrition. This model replicates the imbalance of gut bacteria associated with the difficult-to-treat disease since malnutrition includes a variety of environmental factors. Their findings were published in Nature Communications.
MSL hosts HUPO workshop during the 14th Human Proteome Organization World Congress
The 14th Human Proteome Organization World Congress was held in Vancouver, British Columbia from September 27th – 30th, 2015. Building on the success of the preceding Congresses in Sydney, Boston, Yokohama and Madrid, the theme of the 2015 meeting “Translating Proteomics and Allied-Omics to the Clinic” underpinned the need for collaboration and cooperation of individuals from a wide range of professional backgrounds. Dr. Thibault Mayor organized and hosted a HUPO workshop on post-translation modifications in the Advanced Molecular Biology Laboratory located in the Michael Smith Laboratories.
CHiBi merges with the Michael Smith Laboratories
The Centre for High-Throughput Biology (CHiBi) merges with the Michael Smith Laboratories in October 2015. This merge introduced seven researchers to the Michael Smith Laboratories' faculty including Drs. Leonard Foster, Jörg Gsponer, Carl Hansen, Martin Hirst, Thibault Mayor, Paul Pavlidis, and Stephen Withers.
Pictured (L-R): Leonard Foster, Jörg Gsponer, Carl Hansen, Martin Hirst, Thibault Mayor, Paul Pavlidis, and Stephen Withers.
Dr. Christian Kastrup develops platelets with synthetic nuclei (RNA)
Dr. Christian Kastrup and his lab have created a supercharged platelet that might be capable of healing major wounds, busting clots or blocking inflammation. Unlike most cells, platelets lack a nucleus and do not have DNA. The Kastrup lab discovered a method to inject the platelets with DNA and other ingredients needed to make RNA, creating the first platelets ever to have synthetic nuclei (RNA). This research was published in the journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Dr. Cara Haney joins the Michael Smith Laboratories
Dr. Cara Haney joins the Michael Smith Laboratories with an appointment at Microbiology & Immunology and is an Associate Member of the Botany Department. Utilizing the model plant Arabidopsis and its associated bacterial community, her research work is focused on delineating the genetic and environmental factors that shape the plant-microbiome interactions and influence the development and disease susceptibility in plants.
First in situ analysis of red blood cell concentrate to assess fitness for transfusion
The first in situ analysis of red blood cell concentrate was conducted by Dr. Robin Turner, in collaboration with Dr. Michael Blades and Dr. Dana Devine. They used Raman spectroscopy to assess fitness of the blood cells for transfusion. This non-invasive method was outlined in a paper published in Analyst.
“Let Them Eat Dirt”, a best-selling public book dedicated to educating parents about the importance of early life microbes
Dr. Brett Finlay co-authors, Let Them Eat Dirt, a book describing why dirt can be a child’s best friend. Dr. Finlay uses the latest research to highlight the critical role bacteria play in growing bodies. The book offers tips on how parents can ensure their kids get exposed to plenty of healthy bugs.
Microbes involved in asthma are different depending on the environment
Dr. Brett Finlay and his collaborators showed that early life microbes related to asthma in Ecuadorian children are different than those found in Canadian children. Finlay and his colleagues found that while four gut bacteria play a role in preventing asthma in Canadian children, it was the presence of a microscopic yeast known as Pichia that was more strongly linked to asthma in Ecuadorian children. This research was presented at the 2017 annual meeting for Association for the Advancement of Science.
Dr. Terry Snutch inducted into the National Academy of Inventors
Dr. Terry Snutch was inducted into the National Academy of Inventors at a ceremony at the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum on April 6, 2017. A rare honour, he is one of only three researchers in Canada inducted into the most recent cohort of Fellows. Dr. Snutch’s statement of induction notes the accolade is “in recognition of exceptional accomplishments in innovation and invention to the benefit of society.”
Dr. Peter Zandstra appointed as Director of the Michael Smith Laboratories
In June 2017, Dr. Peter Zandstra was appointed as the Director of the Michael Smith Laboratories. A pioneer in the field of stem cell bioengineering, Dr. Zandstra is known for applying engineering principles to stem cell biology. His research group aims to understand the complex communication networks between stem cells which has led to direct application to the fields of tissue and cellular engineering, gene therapy, and organ transplantation.
CoMotion Drug Delivery Systems formed
Bleeding is a major cause of preventable death in surgery and on the battlefield. CoMotion Drug Delivery Systems, a spin-off from Dr. Christian Kastrup's lab, was created to help manage this bleeding and prevent future deaths. The company is making great strides and has already licensed the patent application for their research. In addition, CoMotion Drug Delivery Systems is performing collaborative research with major players in trauma care.
Genetics Society of America honours Dr. Philip Hieter with 2018 George W. Beadle Award
In 2018, the Genetics Society of America announced that Dr. Philip Hieter was the recipient of the 2018 George W. Beadle Award. Geneticists across the model organism and human genetics communities recognize Hieter for his dedication to uniting human biologists with those who work on model organisms. His lab's contributions to the yeast community include physical mapping methods, synthetic lethality screen approaches for identifying cross-species candidate genes as potential cancer drug targets, and a widely used set of vectors and yeast host strains have been instrumental in work that has led to countless discoveries in recent decades.
Hemorhage (bleeding) is the leading killer of humans
Blood platelets have one main job: Stop bleeding by forming clots. Sometimes, however, these tiny cell fragments fail when they are needed most – when a person is experiencing massive bleeding, usually due to trauma. Dr. Christian Kastrup developed a potential strategy for endowing platelets with extra powers so they can rise to the occasion and continue coagulation. If it’s proven to work in clinical situations, such “superplatelets” might become a standard part of emergency department supplies, along with bandages, oxygen, and saline. The research was described in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.
Canadian Medical Hall of Fame inducts UBC Microbiologist
Dr. Brett Finlay, was inducted into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame in 2018. This prestigious honour is added to the collection of awards that he has received for his contributions to understanding disease and improving people’s health. Dr. Finlay's research on how microbes interact with humans to cause health and disease have led to human and animal vaccines, including a bovine vaccine to E-coli, as well as fundamental changes in our conceptions of health.
Dr. Charles Haynes named as a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering
In 2018, Dr. Charles Haynes was elected as a Fellow into the Canadian Academy of Engineering for his distinguished achievements and career-long service to the engineering profession. Election to the CAE is one of the highest professional honours an engineer in Canada can receive.
The Government of Canada announces grant funding to international training program, PRoTECT
Plant Responses To Eliminate Critical Threats (PRoTECT) is a first-rate international training program designed to foster collaborative, multidisciplinary, and interdisciplinary research, and prepare the next generation of scientists for internationally-competitive positions. The program is hosted by UBC in Canada and the Georg-August-University Göttingen in Germany, with the UBC team led by Drs. Xin Li and Jim Kronstad. The program is jointly supported by a $1.65 million award (over six years) from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) through its Collaborative Research and Training Experience (CREATE) initiative and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft International Research Training Groups (DFG-IRTG).
Gut enzymes could hold key to producing universal blood
Dr. Stephen Withers and collaborators have identified a new, more powerful group of enzymes that can turn any type of blood into the universally usable type O, expanding the pool of potential blood donors and making blood matching safer and easier. The results of this study were presented at the National Meeting & Exposition of the Americal Chemical Society (ACS) in Boston, MA.
Celebrating Dr. Michael Smith’s 25th anniversary of winning the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
2018 marks the 25th anniversary of the late Dr. Michael Smith winning the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. To honour his legacy, the Michael Smith Laboratories and their partners hosted a two-day celebration consisting of a scientific symposium, a VIP reception, and an outreach day for high-school students.
The Government of Canada announced Dr. Peter Zandstra as CIHR Tier 1, Canada Research Chair in Stem Cell Bioengineering
Canada Research Chairs improve our depth of knowledge and quality of life, strengthen Canada's international competitiveness, and help train the next generation of highly-skilled people through student supervision, teaching and the coordination of other researchers' work. On November 13, 2018, it was announced that Dr. Peter Zandstra was awarded the CIHR Tier 1, Canada Research Chair in Stem Cell Bioengineering.
Dr. Brett Finlay co-authors new book on aging, “The Whole-Body Microbiome”
Dr. Brett Finlay teamed up with his daughter, Dr. Jessica Finlay, a recognized environmental gerontologist, to write a book that explores how aging affects the human microbiome. Using scientific fact to highlight the connection between microbes and quality of health, The Whole-Body Microbiome dispels common health myths and emphasizes the beneficial impact of seemingly simple lifestyle choices.
Not all stem cells are created equal
Dr. Peter Zandstra and collaborators have found a population of cells — dubbed to be “elite” — that play a key role in the process of transforming differentiated cells into stem cells. While reprogramming is well understood, less is known about the intricacies of how individual reprogramming cells behave in a population setting. The research was described in Science.
Illustration by Jen Ma depicting competition between a population of cells. Zandstra lab researchers indicate that cells known as “elite” are more competitive than others in the process that transforms them into stem cells. (Image: Jen Ma)